Command Column Editing in Blazor DataGrid Component

18 Feb 20226 minutes to read

The command column provides an option to add CRUD action buttons in a column. This can be defined by using the GridCommandColumns component which needs to be wrapped inside the GridColumn component.

The available built-in command buttons are:

Command Button Actions
Edit Edit the current row.
Delete Delete the current row.
Save Update the edited row.
Cancel Cancel the edited state.
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Grids

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" AllowPaging="true" Height="315">
    <GridEditSettings AllowAdding="true" AllowEditing="true" AllowDeleting="true"></GridEditSettings>
    <GridColumns>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" IsPrimaryKey="true" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="120"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" EditType="EditType.DatePickerEdit" Format="d" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn HeaderText="Manage Records" Width="150">
            <GridCommandColumns>
                <GridCommandColumn Type="CommandButtonType.Edit" ButtonOption="@(new CommandButtonOptions() { IconCss = "e-icons e-edit", CssClass = "e-flat" })"></GridCommandColumn>
                <GridCommandColumn Type="CommandButtonType.Delete" ButtonOption="@(new CommandButtonOptions() { IconCss = "e-icons e-delete", CssClass = "e-flat" })"></GridCommandColumn>
                <GridCommandColumn Type="CommandButtonType.Save" ButtonOption="@(new CommandButtonOptions() { IconCss = "e-icons e-update", CssClass = "e-flat" })"></GridCommandColumn>
                <GridCommandColumn Type="CommandButtonType.Cancel" ButtonOption="@(new CommandButtonOptions() { IconCss = "e-icons e-cancel-icon", CssClass = "e-flat" })"></GridCommandColumn>
            </GridCommandColumns>
         </GridColumn>
    </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

@code{
    public List<Order> Orders { get; set; }

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        Orders = Enumerable.Range(1, 75).Select(x => new Order()
        {
            OrderID = 1000 + x,
            CustomerID = (new string[] { "ALFKI", "ANANTR", "ANTON", "BLONP", "BOLID" })[new Random().Next(5)],
            Freight = 2.1 * x,
            OrderDate = DateTime.Now.AddDays(-x),
            ShipCountry = (new string[] { "USA", "UK", "CHINA", "RUSSIA", "INDIA" })[new Random().Next(5)]
        }).ToList();
    }

    public class Order
    {
        public int? OrderID { get; set; }
        public string CustomerID { get; set; }
        public DateTime? OrderDate { get; set; }
        public double? Freight { get; set; }
        public string ShipCountry { get; set; }
    }
}

The following screenshot represents the command column.
Blazor DataGrid with Command Column

Custom command column

The custom command buttons can be added in a column by using the Commands property of the GridColumn component and the action for the custom buttons can be defined in the CommandClicked event.

The following sample code demonstrates adding custom command in the Manage Records column and the CommandClicked event which triggers when the command is clicked,

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Grids

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" AllowPaging="true" Height="315">
    <GridEvents CommandClicked="OnCommandClicked" TValue="Order"></GridEvents>
    <GridEditSettings AllowAdding="true" AllowEditing="true" AllowDeleting="true"></GridEditSettings>
    <GridColumns>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" IsPrimaryKey="true" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="120"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" EditType="EditType.DatePickerEdit" Format="d" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn HeaderText="Manage Records" Width="150">
            <GridCommandColumns>
                <GridCommandColumn ButtonOption="@(new CommandButtonOptions() { Content = "Details", CssClass = "e-flat" })"></GridCommandColumn>
            </GridCommandColumns>
        </GridColumn>
    </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

@code{
    public List<Order> Orders { get; set; }

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        Orders = Enumerable.Range(1, 75).Select(x => new Order()
        {
            OrderID = 1000 + x,
            CustomerID = (new string[] { "ALFKI", "ANANTR", "ANTON", "BLONP", "BOLID" })[new Random().Next(5)],
            Freight = 2.1 * x,
            OrderDate = DateTime.Now.AddDays(-x),
            ShipCountry = (new string[] { "USA", "UK", "CHINA", "RUSSIA", "INDIA" })[new Random().Next(5)]
        }).ToList();
    }

    public class Order
    {
        public int? OrderID { get; set; }
        public string CustomerID { get; set; }
        public DateTime? OrderDate { get; set; }
        public double? Freight { get; set; }
        public string ShipCountry { get; set; }
    }

    public void OnCommandClicked(CommandClickEventArgs<Order> args)
    {
        // Perform required operations here
    }
}

The following image represents the custom command added in the Manage Records column of the DataGrid component,
Blazor DataGrid with Custom Command