Blazor DataGrid Component in WebAssembly App using Visual Studio

7 Jan 202211 minutes to read

This article provides a step-by-step instructions for building Blazor WebAssembly App with Blazor DataGrid component using Visual Studio.

Prerequisites

Create a Blazor WebAssembly App in Visual Studio

You can create Blazor WebAssembly App using Visual Studio in one of the following ways,

Install Syncfusion Blazor Packages in the App

Syncfusion Blazor components are available in nuget.org. To use Syncfusion Blazor components in the application, add reference to the corresponding NuGet. Refer to NuGet packages topic for available NuGet packages list with component details.

To add Blazor DataGrid component in the app, open the NuGet package manager in Visual Studio (Tools → NuGet Package Manager → Manage NuGet Packages for Solution), search for Syncfusion.Blazor.Grid and then install it.

Register Syncfusion Blazor Service

Open ~/_Imports.razor file and import the Syncfusion.Blazor namespace.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor

Now, Open ~/Program.cs file and register the Syncfusion Blazor Service in the client web app. Here, Syncfusion Blazor Service is registered by setting IgnoreScriptIsolation property as true to load the scripts externally in the next steps.

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.Web;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.WebAssembly.Hosting;
using Syncfusion.Blazor;

var builder = WebAssemblyHostBuilder.CreateDefault(args);
builder.RootComponents.Add<App>("#app");
builder.RootComponents.Add<HeadOutlet>("head::after");

builder.Services.AddScoped(sp => new HttpClient { BaseAddress = new Uri(builder.HostEnvironment.BaseAddress) });

builder.Services.AddSyncfusionBlazor(options => { options.IgnoreScriptIsolation = true; });
await builder.Build().RunAsync();
....
using Syncfusion.Blazor;

namespace BlazorApplication
{
    public class Program
    {
        public static async Task Main(string[] args)
        {
            ....
            builder.Services.AddSyncfusionBlazor(options => { options.IgnoreScriptIsolation = true; });
            await builder.Build().RunAsync();
        }
    }
}

Add Style Sheet

Checkout the Blazor Themes topic to learn different ways (Static Web Assets, CDN and CRG) to refer themes in Blazor application, and to have the expected appearance for Syncfusion Blazor components. Here, the theme is referred using Static Web Assets.

To add theme to the app, open the NuGet package manager in Visual Studio (Tools → NuGet Package Manager → Manage NuGet Packages for Solution), search for Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes and then install it. Then, the theme style sheet from NuGet can be referred inside the <head> of wwwroot/index.html file in client web app.

<head>
    ...
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
</head>

Add Script Reference

Checkout Adding Script Reference topic to learn different ways to add script reference in Blazor Application. In this getting started walk-through, the required scripts are referred using Static Web Assets externally inside the <head> of wwwroot/index.html file in client web app.

<head>
    ...
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/blazor/19.4.38/syncfusion-blazor.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

Syncfusion recommends to reference scripts using Static Web Assets, CDN and CRG by disabling JavaScript isolation for better loading performance of the Blazor application. Generate scripts and theme assets using CRG by selecting the components you were using in the application.

Add Blazor DataGrid Component

  • Open ~/_Imports.razor file or any other page under the ~/Pages folder where the component is to be added and import the Syncfusion.Blazor.Grids namespace.
@using Syncfusion.Blazor
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Grids
  • Now, add the Syncfusion DataGrid component in razor file. Here, the DataGrid component is added in the ~/Pages/Index.razor file under the ~/Pages folder.
<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" />

@code{
    public List<Order> Orders { get; set; }

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        Orders = Enumerable.Range(1, 5).Select(x => new Order()
        {
            OrderID = 0 + x,
            CustomerID = (new string[] { "ALFKI", "ANANTR", "ANTON", "BLONP", "BOLID" })[new Random().Next(5)],
        }).ToList();
    }

    public class Order
    {
        public int? OrderID { get; set; }
        public string CustomerID { get; set; }

    }
}
  • Press Ctrl+F5 (Windows) or +F5 (macOS) to run the app. Then, the Syncfusion Blazor DataGrid component will be rendered in the default web browser.

Blazor DataGrid Component

You need to include a valid license key (either paid or trial key) within your applications. Please refer to this help topic for more information.

Defining Row Data

To bind data for the DataGrid component, you can assign a IEnumerable object to the dataSource property. The list data source can also be provided as an instance of the DataManager. You can assign the data source through the OnInitialized life cycle of the page.

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" />

@code{
    public List<Order> Orders { get; set; }

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        Orders = Enumerable.Range(1, 75).Select(x => new Order()
        {
            OrderID = 1000 + x,
            CustomerID = (new string[] { "ALFKI", "ANANTR", "ANTON", "BLONP", "BOLID" })[new Random().Next(5)],
            Freight = 2.1 * x,
            OrderDate = DateTime.Now.AddDays(-x),
        }).ToList();
    }

    public class Order {
        public int? OrderID { get; set; }
        public string CustomerID { get; set; }
        public DateTime? OrderDate { get; set; }
        public double? Freight { get; set; }
    }
}

Defining Columns

The columns are automatically generated when columns declaration is empty or undefined while initializing the datagrid.

The DataGrid has an option to define columns using GridColumns component. In GridColumn component we have properties to customize columns.

Let’s check the properties used here:

  • We have added Field to map with a property name an array of JavaScript objects.
  • We have added HeaderText to change the title of columns.
  • We have used TextAlign to change the alignment of columns. By default, columns will be left aligned. To change columns to right align, we need to define TextAlign as Right.
  • Also, we have used another useful property, Format. Using this, we can format number and date values to standard or custom formats.
<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders">
    <GridColumns>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="150"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" Format="d" Type="ColumnType.Date" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
    </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

Enable Paging

The paging feature enables users to view the datagrid record in a paged view. It can be enabled by setting the AllowPaging property to true. Pager can be customized using the GridPageSettings component.

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" AllowPaging="true">
 <GridPageSettings PageSize="5"></GridPageSettings>
   <GridColumns>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="150"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" Format="d" Type="ColumnType.Date" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
   </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

Enable Sorting

The sorting feature enables you to order the records. It can be enabled by setting the AllowSorting property as true. Sorting feature can be customized using the GridSortSettings component.

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" AllowPaging="true" AllowSorting="true">
 <GridPageSettings PageSize="5"></GridPageSettings>
   <GridColumns>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="150"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" Format="d" Type="ColumnType.Date" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
   </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

Enable Filtering

The filtering feature enables you to view reduced amount of records based on filter criteria. It can be enabled by setting the AllowFiltering property as true. Filtering feature can be customized using the GridFilterSettings component.

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" AllowPaging="true" AllowSorting="true" AllowFiltering="true">
 <GridPageSettings PageSize="5"></GridPageSettings>
   <GridColumns>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="150"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" Format="d" Type="ColumnType.Date" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
   </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

Enable Grouping

The grouping feature enables you to view the datagrid record in a grouped view. It can be enabled by setting the AllowGrouping property as true. Grouping feature can be customized using the GridGroupSettings component.

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" AllowPaging="true" AllowSorting="true" AllowFiltering="true" AllowGrouping="true">
 <GridPageSettings PageSize="5"></GridPageSettings>
   <GridColumns>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="150"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" Format="d" Type="ColumnType.Date" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
   </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

Blazor DataGrid Component

See Also