Organizational Chart in Blazor Diagram Component

4 Aug 202110 minutes to read

An organizational chart is a diagram that displays the structure of an organization and relationships. To create an organizational chart, the Type of layout should be set as an OrganizationalChart. The following code example illustrates how to create an organizational chart.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Diagram

<SfDiagramComponent Height="600px" Nodes="@NodeCollection" Connectors="@connectors" NodeDefaults="@NodeDefaults" ConnectorDefaults="@ConnectorDefaults">
    <Layout Type="LayoutType.OrganizationalChart" @bind-HorizontalSpacing="@HorizontalSpacing" @bind-VerticalSpacing="@VerticalSpacing">

@code {

    //Defines diagram's connector collection
    DiagramObjectCollection<Connector> connectors = new DiagramObjectCollection<Connector>();
    //Defines diagram's node collection
    DiagramObjectCollection<Node> NodeCollection = new DiagramObjectCollection<Node>();

    int HorizontalSpacing = 40;
    int VerticalSpacing = 40;

    private void NodeDefaults(IDiagramObject obj)
        Node node = obj as Node;
        node.Height = 40;
        node.Width = 100;
        //Initializing the default node's shape style
        node.Style = new ShapeStyle() { Fill = "darkcyan", StrokeWidth = 3, StrokeColor = "Black" };
        node.Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>()
    new ShapeAnnotation { Style = new TextShapeStyle() { Color = "white", Bold = true },Content = node.Annotations[0].Content }

    private void ConnectorDefaults(IDiagramObject connector)
        (connector as Connector).Type = Segments.Orthogonal;

    protected override void OnInitialized()
        NodeCollection = new DiagramObjectCollection<Node>()
    new Node(){ID="node1",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Project Management"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node2",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="R&D Team"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node3",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Philosophy"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node4",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Organization"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node5",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Technology"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node6",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Funding"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node7",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Resource-Allocation"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node8",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Targeting"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node9",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Evaluation"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node10",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="HR-Team"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node11",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Recruiment"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node12",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Employee-Relation"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node13",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Production & Sales Team"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node14",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Design"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node15",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Operation"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node16",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Support"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node17",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Quality Assurance"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node18",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Customer Interaction"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node19",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Support and Maintenance"}}},
    new Node(){ID="node20",Annotations = new DiagramObjectCollection<ShapeAnnotation>(){new ShapeAnnotation{Content="Task Coordination"}}},
        connectors = new DiagramObjectCollection<Connector>()
    new Connector(){ID="connector1",SourceID="node1",TargetID="node2"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector2",SourceID="node1",TargetID="node10"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector3",SourceID="node1",TargetID="node13"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector4",SourceID="node2",TargetID="node3"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector5",SourceID="node2",TargetID="node4"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector6",SourceID="node2",TargetID="node5"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector7",SourceID="node2",TargetID="node6"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector8",SourceID="node2",TargetID="node7"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector9",SourceID="node2",TargetID="node8"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector10",SourceID="node2",TargetID="node9"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector11",SourceID="node2",TargetID="node11"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector12",SourceID="node10",TargetID="node12"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector13",SourceID="node10",TargetID="node14"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector14",SourceID="node13",TargetID="node15"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector15",SourceID="node13",TargetID="node16"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector16",SourceID="node13",TargetID="node17"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector17",SourceID="node13",TargetID="node18"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector18",SourceID="node13",TargetID="node19"},
    new Connector(){ID="connector19",SourceID="node13",TargetID="node20"},

OrgChart layout manager

Organizational chart layout starts parsing from root and iterate through all its child elements. The LayoutInfo property provides necessary information of a node’s children and the way to arrange (direction, orientation, offsets, etc.)them. The arrangements can be customized by overriding this function as explained.

Node LayoutInfo property to set chart orientations, chart types, and offset to be left between parent and child nodes. The LayoutInfo property is called to configure every subtree of the organizational chart. It takes the following arguments.

  1. Node: Parent node to that options are to be customized.
  2. Options: Object to set the customizable properties.

Customize layout

Orientation, spacings, and position of the layout can be customized with a set of properties.

To explore layout properties, refer to Layout Properties.

Layout bounds

Diagram provides support to align the layout within any custom rectangular area. For more information about bounds, refer to Bounds.

Layout alignment

The layout can be aligned anywhere over the layout bounds/viewport using the HorizontalAlignment and VerticalAlignment properties of the layout.

The following code illustrates how to align the layout at the top-left of the layout bounds.

<SfDiagramComponent @ref="diagram" Width="900px" Height="800px">
    <Layout Type="LayoutType.OrganizationalChart" @bind-HorizontalSpacing="@HorizontalSpacing" @bind-VerticalSpacing="@VerticalSpacing" @bind-VerticalAlignment="@verticalAlignment"></Layout>

int HorizontalSpacing = 40;
int VerticalSpacing = 40;
VerticalAlignment verticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Bottom;

The following table illustrates the different chart orientations and chart types.

Orientation Type Description Example
Horizontal Left Arranges the child nodes horizontally at the left side of the parent. Horizontal Left
  Right Arranges the child nodes horizontally at the right side of the parent. Horizontal Right
  Center Arranges the children like standard tree layout orientation. Horizontal Center
  Balanced Arranges the leaf level child nodes in multiple rows. Horizontal Balance
Vertical Left Arranges the children vertically at the left side of the parent. Vertical Left
  Right Arranges the children vertically at the right side of the parent. Vertical Right
  Alternate Arranges the children vertically at both left and right sides of the parent. Vertical Alternate

The following code example illustrates how to set the vertical right arrangement to the leaf level trees.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Inputs
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Diagram
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Diagram.Internal

<SfDiagramComponent Height="600px" NodeDefaults="@NodeDefaults" ConnectorDefaults="@ConnectorDefaults">
    <DataSourceSettings Id="Id" ParentId="Team" DataSource="@DataSource"></DataSourceSettings>
        <HorizontalGridLines LineColor="white" LineDashArray="2,2">
        <VerticalGridLines LineColor="white" LineDashArray="2,2">
    <Layout Type="LayoutType.OrganizationalChart" @bind-HorizontalSpacing="@HorizontalSpacing" @bind-VerticalSpacing="@VerticalSpacing" GetLayoutInfo="GetLayoutInfo">

@code {
    //Initializing layout

    int HorizontalSpacing = 40;
    int VerticalSpacing = 50;
    private TreeInfo GetLayoutInfo(IDiagramObject obj, TreeInfo options)
        options.Type = SubTreeAlignments.Right;
        options.Orientation = SubTreeOrientation.Vertical;
        return options;

    private void NodeDefaults(IDiagramObject obj)
        Node node = obj as Node;
        node.Height = 50;
        node.Width = 150;
        node.Style = new ShapeStyle() { Fill = "#6495ED", StrokeWidth = 1, StrokeColor = "Black" };

    private void ConnectorDefaults(IDiagramObject connector)
        Connector connectors = connector as Connector;
        connectors.Type = Segments.Orthogonal;
        connectors.Style = new TextShapeStyle() { StrokeColor = "#6495ED", StrokeWidth = 1 };
        connectors.TargetDecorator = new Decorator
            Shape = DecoratorShapes.None,
            Style = new TextShapeStyle() { Fill = "#6495ED", StrokeColor = "#6495ED", }

    public class OrgChartDataModel
        public string Id { get; set; }
        public string Team { get; set; }
        public string Role { get; set; }
    public object DataSource = new List<object>()
    new OrgChartDataModel() { Id= "1", Role= "General Manager" },
    new OrgChartDataModel() { Id= "2", Role= "Human Resource Manager", Team= "1" },
    new OrgChartDataModel() { Id= "3", Role= "Design Manager", Team= "1" },
    new OrgChartDataModel() { Id= "4", Role= "Operation Manager", Team= "1" },
    new OrgChartDataModel() { Id= "5", Role= "Marketing Manager", Team= "1" }

Vertical Right

Layout spacing

Layout provides support to add space horizontally and vertically between the nodes. The HorizontalSpacing and VerticalSpacing properties of the layout allows you to set the space between the nodes in horizontally and vertically.

Layout margin

Layout provides support to add some blank space between the layout bounds/viewport and the layout. The Margin property of the layout allows you to set the blank space.

//Initialize the organizational chart layout with Margin
<SfDiagramComponent @ref="diagram" Width="900px" Height="800px" >
  <Layout Type="LayoutType.HierarchicalTree">
     <LayoutMargin Top="@top" Left="@left"></LayoutMargin>

//Initializing the Mergin Top and Left value
int left = 40;
int top = 50;

Layout orientation

Diagram provides support to customize the Orientation of layout. You can set the desired orientation using LayoutOrientation.

The following code illustrates how to arrange the nodes in a BottomToTop orientation.

//Initialize the layout with layout orientation as BottomToTop in page
<SfDiagramComponent Height="600px" Width="500px" >
    <Layout Type="LayoutType.HierarchicalTree" @bind-Orientation="@orientation"></Layout>

//Initializing the orientation value
LayoutOrientation orientation = LayoutOrientation.TopToBottom;

Fixed node

Layout provides support to arrange the nodes with reference to the position of a fixed node and set it to the FixedNode of the layout property. This is helpful when you try to expand/collapse a node. It might be expected that the position of the double-clicked node should not be changed.

//Initialize the organizational chart layout with FixedNode
<SfDiagramComponent Height="600px" Width="500px" >
    <Layout Type="LayoutType.OrganizationalChart" FixedNode="Node1" @bind-HorizontalSpacing="@HorizontalSpacing" @bind-VerticalSpacing="@VerticalSpacing" @bind-Orientation="@orientation"></Layout>

//Initializing the orientation value
LayoutOrientation orientation = LayoutOrientation.TopToBottom;
//Initializing the Horizontal and Vertical value
int HorizontalSpacing = 40;
int VerticalSpacing = 50;

Refresh layout

Diagram allows to refresh the layout at runtime. Use the below code example to refresh the layout.

//update the layout at runtime.

//Here, diagram is instance of SfDiagramComponent.

See also