Templates in Blazor Dropdown Tree Component

9 Jan 202417 minutes to read

The Dropdown Tree has been provided with several options to customize each list item, header, and footer elements.

Item template

The content of each list item within the Dropdown Tree can be customized with the help of the ItemTemplate property.

In the following sample, the Dropdown Tree list items are customized with employee information such as name and job using the ItemTemplate property.
The variable context holds the data of the current node.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Navigations

<SfDropDownTree TItem="EmployeeData" TValue="string" Placeholder="Select an employee" Width="500px">
    <ChildContent>
        <DropDownTreeField TItem="EmployeeData" DataSource="Data" ID="Id" Text="Name" HasChildren="HasChild" ParentID="PId"></DropDownTreeField>
    </ChildContent>
    <ItemTemplate>
        <div>
            <span class="ename">@((context as EmployeeData).Name) - </span>
            <span class="ejob" style="opacity: .60">@((context as EmployeeData).Job)</span>
        </div>
    </ItemTemplate>
</SfDropDownTree>

@code {
    List<EmployeeData> Data = new List<EmployeeData>
    {
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "1", Name = "Steven Buchanan", Job = "General Manager", HasChild = true, Expanded = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "2", PId = "1", Name = "Laura Callahan", Job = "Product Manager", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "3", PId = "2", Name = "Andrew Fuller", Job = "Team Lead", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "4", PId = "3", Name = "Anne Dodsworth", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "10", PId = "3", Name = "Lilly", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "5", PId = "1", Name = "Nancy Davolio", Job = "Product Manager", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "6", PId = "5", Name = "Michael Suyama", Job = "Team Lead", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "7", PId = "6", Name = "Robert King", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "11", PId = "6", Name = "Mary", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "9", PId = "1", Name = "Janet Leverling", Job = "HR"}
    };

    class EmployeeData
    {
        public string Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public string Job { get; set; }
        public bool HasChild { get; set; }
        public bool Expanded { get; set; }
        public string PId { get; set; }
    }
}

Blazor Dropdown Tree with ItemTemplate.

Header template

The header element is shown statically at the top of the popup list items within Dropdown Tree, and any custom element can be placed as a header element using the HeaderTemplate property.

In the following sample, the header is customized with the custom element.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Navigations

<SfDropDownTree TItem="EmployeeData" TValue="string" Placeholder="Select an employee" Width="500px" CssClass="custom">
    <ChildContent>
        <DropDownTreeField TItem="EmployeeData" DataSource="Data" ID="Id" Text="Name" HasChildren="HasChild" ParentID="PId"></DropDownTreeField>
    </ChildContent>
    <HeaderTemplate>
        <div class="head"> Employee List </div>
    </HeaderTemplate>
</SfDropDownTree>

@code {
    List<EmployeeData> Data = new List<EmployeeData>
    {
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "1", Name = "Steven Buchanan", Job = "General Manager", HasChild = true, Expanded = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "2", PId = "1", Name = "Laura Callahan", Job = "Product Manager", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "3", PId = "2", Name = "Andrew Fuller", Job = "Team Lead", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "4", PId = "3", Name = "Anne Dodsworth", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "10", PId = "3", Name = "Lilly", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "5", PId = "1", Name = "Nancy Davolio", Job = "Product Manager", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "6", PId = "5", Name = "Michael Suyama", Job = "Team Lead", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "7", PId = "6", Name = "Robert King", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "11", PId = "6", Name = "Mary", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "9", PId = "1", Name = "Janet Leverling", Job = "HR"}
    };

    class EmployeeData
    {
        public string Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public string Job { get; set; }
        public bool HasChild { get; set; }
        public bool Expanded { get; set; }
        public string PId { get; set; }
    }
}

<style>
    .custom .head {
        height: 40px;
        line-height: 40px;
        font-size: 14px;
        margin: 0 auto;
        width: 100%;
        padding: 0 20px;
        font-weight: bold;
        border-bottom: 1px solid #e0e0e0;
    }
</style>

Blazor Dropdown Tree with HeaderTemplate.

The Dropdown Tree has options to show a footer element at the bottom of the list items in the popup list. Here, you can place any custom element as a footer element using the FooterTemplate property.

In the following sample, the footer element displays the total number of employees present in the Dropdown Tree.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Navigations

<SfDropDownTree TItem="EmployeeData" TValue="string" Placeholder="Select an employee" Width="500px" CssClass="custom">
    <ChildContent>
        <DropDownTreeField TItem="EmployeeData" DataSource="Data" ID="Id" Text="Name" HasChildren="HasChild" ParentID="PId"></DropDownTreeField>
    </ChildContent>
    <FooterTemplate>
        <span class='foot'> Total number of employees:  @Data?.Count.ToString()</span>
    </FooterTemplate>
</SfDropDownTree>

@code {
    List<EmployeeData> Data = new List<EmployeeData>
    {
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "1", Name = "Steven Buchanan", Job = "General Manager", HasChild = true, Expanded = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "2", PId = "1", Name = "Laura Callahan", Job = "Product Manager", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "3", PId = "2", Name = "Andrew Fuller", Job = "Team Lead", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "4", PId = "3", Name = "Anne Dodsworth", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "10", PId = "3", Name = "Lilly", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "5", PId = "1", Name = "Nancy Davolio", Job = "Product Manager", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "6", PId = "5", Name = "Michael Suyama", Job = "Team Lead", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "7", PId = "6", Name = "Robert King", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "11", PId = "6", Name = "Mary", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "9", PId = "1", Name = "Janet Leverling", Job = "HR"}
    };

    class EmployeeData
    {
        public string Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public string Job { get; set; }
        public bool HasChild { get; set; }
        public bool Expanded { get; set; }
        public string PId { get; set; }
    }
}

<style>
    .custom .foot {
        line-height: 40px;
        font-size: 14px;
        margin: 0 auto;
        padding: 0 20px;
        font-weight: bold;
    }

    .custom .e-ddt-footer {
        border-top: 1px solid #e0e0e0;
    }
</style>

Blazor Dropdown Tree with Footer Template.

No records template

The Dropdown Tree is provided with support to custom design the popup list content when no data is found and no matches found on search with the help of NoRecordsTemplate property.

In the following sample, popup list content displays the notification of no data available.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Navigations

<SfDropDownTree TItem="EmployeeData" TValue="string" Placeholder="Select an employee" Width="500px" CssClass="custom">
    <ChildContent>
        <DropDownTreeField TItem="EmployeeData" DataSource="Data" ID="Id" Text="Name" HasChildren="HasChild" ParentID="PId"></DropDownTreeField>
    </ChildContent>
    <NoRecordsTemplate>
        <span > NO DATA AVAILABLE</span>
    </NoRecordsTemplate>
</SfDropDownTree>

@code {
    List<EmployeeData> Data = new List<EmployeeData> { };

    class EmployeeData
    {
        public string Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public string Job { get; set; }
        public bool HasChild { get; set; }
        public bool Expanded { get; set; }
        public string PId { get; set; }
    }
}

Blazor Dropdown Tree without Data.

Action failure template

There is also an option to custom design the popup list content when the data fetch request fails at the remote server. This can be achieved using the ActionFailureTemplate property.

In the following sample, when the data fetch request fails, the Dropdown Tree displays the notification.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Navigations
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Data

<SfDropDownTree TValue="int?" TItem="TreeData" ID="remote" Placeholder="Select a name" Width="500px">
    <ChildContent>
        <DropDownTreeField TItem="TreeData" Query="@employeeQuery" ID="EmployeeID" Text="FirstName" HasChildren="EmployeeID">
            <SfDataManager Url="https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svc" Adaptor="Syncfusion.Blazor.Adaptors.ODataV4Adaptor" CrossDomain="true"></SfDataManager>
        </DropDownTreeField>
        <DropDownTreeField TItem="TreeData" Level="1" Query="@orderQuery" Id="OrderID" Text="ShipName" ParentID="EmployeeID">
            <SfDataManager Url="https://services.odata.org/V4/Northwind/Northwind.svs" Adaptor="Syncfusion.Blazor.Adaptors.ODataV4Adaptor" CrossDomain="true"></SfDataManager>
        </DropDownTreeField>
    </ChildContent>
    <ActionFailureTemplate>
        <span>A request to fetch data is failed.</span>
    </ActionFailureTemplate>
</SfDropDownTree>

@code {
    List<string> EmployeeDetails { get; set; } = new List<string>() { "EmployeeID", "FirstName", "Title" };
    List<string> OrderDetails { get; set; } = new List<string>() { "OrderID", "EmployeeID", "ShipName" };
    Query employeeQuery;
    Query orderQuery;

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        base.OnInitialized();
        employeeQuery = new Query().From("Employees").Select(EmployeeDetails).Take(5);
        orderQuery = new Query().From("Orders").Select(OrderDetails).Take(5);
    }
    
    class TreeData
    {
        public int? EmployeeID { get; set; }
        public int OrderID { get; set; }
        public string ShipName { get; set; }
        public string FirstName { get; set; }
    }
}

Blazor Dropdown Tree with Action Failure Template.

Placeholder

Use the Placeholder property to display a small description of the expected value in the input. In the following sample demonstration, set the Select an Employee as the Placeholder property value, which will set the respective value to the Placeholder attribute of the input element in the DOM.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Navigations
<SfDropDownTree TItem="EmployeeData" TValue="string" Placeholder="Select an Employee" Width="500px">
    <DropDownTreeField TItem="EmployeeData" DataSource="Data" ID="Id" Text="Name" HasChildren="HasChild" ParentID="PId"></DropDownTreeField>
</SfDropDownTree>
@code {
    List<EmployeeData> Data = new List<EmployeeData>
    {
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "1", Name = "Steven Buchanan", Job = "General Manager", HasChild = true, Expanded = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "2", PId = "1", Name = "Laura Callahan", Job = "Product Manager", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "3", PId = "2", Name = "Andrew Fuller", Job = "Team Lead", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "4", PId = "3", Name = "Anne Dodsworth", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "10", PId = "3", Name = "Lilly", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "5", PId = "1", Name = "Nancy Davolio", Job = "Product Manager", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "6", PId = "5", Name = "Michael Suyama", Job = "Team Lead", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "7", PId = "6", Name = "Robert King", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "11", PId = "6", Name = "Mary", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "9", PId = "1", Name = "Janet Leverling", Job = "HR"}
    };
    class EmployeeData
    {
    public string Id { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public string Job { get; set; }
    public bool HasChild { get; set; }
    public bool Expanded { get; set; }
    public string PId { get; set; }
    }
}

Blazor Dropdown Tree with place holder.

FloatLabel

Use the FloatLabelType property to specify the floating label behavior of the Dropdown Tree that the Placeholder text floats above the TextBox based on the following values. FloatLabelType is applicable only when Placeholder is used. FloatLabelType is depends on Placeholder. Default value of FloatLabelType is Never.

The floating label supports the types of actions as follow.

Type Description
Auto The floating label will float above the input after focusing, or entering a value in the input.
Always The floating label will always float above the input.
Never By default, never float the label in the input when the placeholder is available.

The FloatLabelType as Auto is demonstrated in the following code sample.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Navigations
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Inputs
<SfDropDownTree TItem="EmployeeData" TValue="string" Placeholder="Select an Employee" Width="500px" FloatLabelType="FloatLabelType.Auto">
    <DropDownTreeField TItem="EmployeeData" DataSource="Data" ID="Id" Text="Name" HasChildren="HasChild" ParentID="PId"></DropDownTreeField>
</SfDropDownTree>
@code {
    List<EmployeeData> Data = new List<EmployeeData>
    {
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "1", Name = "Steven Buchanan", Job = "General Manager", HasChild = true, Expanded = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "2", PId = "1", Name = "Laura Callahan", Job = "Product Manager", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "3", PId = "2", Name = "Andrew Fuller", Job = "Team Lead", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "4", PId = "3", Name = "Anne Dodsworth", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "10", PId = "3", Name = "Lilly", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "5", PId = "1", Name = "Nancy Davolio", Job = "Product Manager", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "6", PId = "5", Name = "Michael Suyama", Job = "Team Lead", HasChild = true },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "7", PId = "6", Name = "Robert King", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "11", PId = "6", Name = "Mary", Job = "Developer" },
        new EmployeeData() { Id = "9", PId = "1", Name = "Janet Leverling", Job = "HR"}
    };
    class EmployeeData
    {
    public string Id { get; set; }
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public string Job { get; set; }
    public bool HasChild { get; set; }
    public bool Expanded { get; set; }
    public string PId { get; set; }
    }
}

Blazor Dropdown Tree with place holder.