Process the Blazor TreeView node operations using context menu

27 Aug 202111 minutes to read

The context menu can be integrated with TreeView component in order to perform the TreeView related operations like add, remove and renaming node.

Following example demonstrates the above cases which are used to manipulate TreeView operations in the ItemSelected event of context menu.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Navigations

<div id="treeview">
    <SfTreeView TValue="EmployeeData" @ref="tree" AllowDragAndDrop="true" @bind-SelectedNodes="@selectedNodes" @bind-ExpandedNodes="expandedNodes">
        <TreeViewFieldsSettings Id="Id" ParentID="Pid" DataSource="@ListData" Text="Name" HasChildren="HasChild"></TreeViewFieldsSettings>
        <TreeViewEvents TValue="EmployeeData" NodeSelected="OnSelect" NodeClicked="nodeClicked"></TreeViewEvents>
        <SfContextMenu TValue="MenuItem" @ref="menu" Target="#treeview" Items="@MenuItems">
            <MenuEvents TValue="MenuItem" ItemSelected="MenuSelect"></MenuEvents>
        </SfContextMenu>
    </SfTreeView>
</div>

@code
{
    // Reference for treeview
    SfTreeView<EmployeeData> tree;

    // Reference for context menu
    SfContextMenu<MenuItem> menu;
    string selectedId;
    public string[] selectedNodes = Array.Empty<string>();
    public string[] expandedNodes = new string[] { "" };
    int index = 100;

    // Datasource for menu items
    public List<MenuItem> MenuItems = new List<MenuItem>{
        new MenuItem { Text = "Edit" },
        new MenuItem { Text = "Remove" },
        new MenuItem { Text = "Add" }
    };

    public class EmployeeData
    {
        public string Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public string Pid { get; set; }
        public bool HasChild { get; set; }
    }

    // Triggers when TreeView Node is selected
    public void OnSelect(NodeSelectEventArgs args)
    {
        this.selectedId = args.NodeData.Id;
    }

    // Triggers when TreeView node is clicked
    public void nodeClicked(NodeClickEventArgs args)
    {
        selectedId = args.NodeData.Id;
        selectedNodes = new string[] { args.NodeData.Id };
    }

    // To add a new node
    async Task AddNodes()
    {
        // Expand the selected nodes
        expandedNodes = new string[] { this.selectedId };
        string NodeId = "tree_" + this.index.ToString();
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = NodeId,
            Name = "NewItem",
            Pid = this.selectedId
        });
        await Task.Delay(100);
        // Edit the added node.
        await this.tree.BeginEditAsync(NodeId);
        this.index = this.index + 1;

    }

    // To delete a tree node
    void RemoveNodes()
    {
        List<EmployeeData> removeNode = tree.GetTreeData(selectedId);
        ListData.Remove(removeNode.ElementAt(0));
    }

    // To edit a tree node
    async Task RenameNodes()
    {
        await this.tree.BeginEdit(this.selectedId);
    }

    // Triggers when context menu is selected
    public async Task MenuSelect(MenuEventArgs<MenuItem> args)
    {
        string selectedText;
        selectedText = args.Item.Text;
        if (selectedText == "Edit")
        {
            await this.RenameNodes();
        }
        else if (selectedText == "Remove")
        {
            this.RemoveNodes();
        }
        else if (selectedText == "Add")
        {
            await this.AddNodes();
        }
    }

    // local data source
    List<EmployeeData> ListData = new List<EmployeeData>();

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        selectedNodes = new string[] { "1" };
        base.OnInitialized();
        ListData = new List<EmployeeData>();
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "1",
            Name = "Johnson",
            HasChild = true,
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "2",
            Pid = "1",
            Name = "Sourav",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "3",
            Pid = "1",
            Name = "Sanjay",
        });

        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "4",
            Pid = "1",
            Name = "Steve",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "6",
            Pid = "1",
            Name = "Martin",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "7",
            Name = "Laura",
            HasChild = true,
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "8",
            Pid = "7",
            Name = "Mic",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "9",
            Pid = "7",
            Name = "Nancy",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "10",
            Pid = "7",
            Name = "Andrew",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "11",
            Name = "Robert King",
            HasChild = true,
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "12",
            Pid = "11",
            Name = "Richard",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "13",
            Pid = "11",
            Name = "James",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "14",
            Pid = "11",
            Name = "Murrey",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "15",
            Pid = "11",
            Name = "Chris",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "16",
            Name = "Margaret Peacock",
            HasChild = true,
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "17",
            Pid = "16",
            Name = "Ryaz",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "18",
            Pid = "16",
            Name = "Mary",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "19",
            Pid = "16",
            Name = "Stephen",
        });
        ListData.Add(new EmployeeData
        {
            Id = "20",
            Pid = "16",
            Name = "Raffel",
        });
    }
}

TreeView Sample