Getting Started with Blazor DropDown List Component in Web App

16 Feb 20248 minutes to read

This section briefly explains about how to include Blazor DropDown List component in your Blazor Web App using Visual Studio.

Prerequisites

Create a new Blazor Web App

You can create a Blazor Web App using Visual Studio 2022 via Microsoft Templates or the Syncfusion Blazor Extension.

You need to configure the corresponding Interactive render mode and Interactivity location while creating a Blazor Web Application.

Install Syncfusion Blazor DropDowns and Themes NuGet in the Blazor Web App

To add Blazor DropDown List component in the app, open the NuGet package manager in Visual Studio (Tools → NuGet Package Manager → Manage NuGet Packages for Solution), search and install Syncfusion.Blazor.DropDowns and Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes.

If you utilize WebAssembly or Auto render modes in the Blazor Web App need to be install Syncfusion Blazor components NuGet packages within the client project.

Alternatively, you can utilize the following package manager command to achieve the same.

Install-Package Syncfusion.Blazor.DropDowns -Version 26.1.35
Install-Package Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes -Version 26.1.35

NOTE

Syncfusion Blazor components are available in nuget.org. Refer to NuGet packages topic for available NuGet packages list with component details.

Register Syncfusion Blazor Service

Open ~/_Imports.razor file and import the Syncfusion.Blazor and Syncfusion.Blazor.DropDowns namespace.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.DropDowns

Now, register the Syncfusion Blazor Service in the ~/Program.cs file of your Blazor Web App. For a app with WebAssembly or Auto (Server and WebAssembly) interactive render mode, register the Syncfusion Blazor service in both ~/Program.cs files of your web app.

....
using Syncfusion.Blazor;
....
builder.Services.AddSyncfusionBlazor();
....

Add stylesheet and script resources

The theme stylesheet and script can be accessed from NuGet through Static Web Assets. Include the stylesheet reference in the <head> section and the script reference at the end of the <body> in the ~/Components/App.razor file as shown below:

<head>
    ....
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
</head>
....
<body>
    ....
    <script src="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Core/scripts/syncfusion-blazor.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</body>

NOTE

Check out the Blazor Themes topic to discover various methods (Static Web Assets, CDN, and CRG) for referencing themes in your Blazor application. Also, check out the Adding Script Reference topic to learn different approaches for adding script references in your Blazor application.

Add Syncfusion Blazor DropDown List component

Add the Syncfusion Blazor DropDown List component in .razor file inside the Pages folder. If an interactivity location as Per page/component in the web app, define a render mode at top of the component, as follows:

@* desired render mode define here *@
@rendermode InteractiveAuto
<SfDropDownList TValue="string" TItem="string" Placeholder="Select a game"></SfDropDownList>
  • Press Ctrl+F5 (Windows) or +F5 (macOS) to launch the application. This will render the Syncfusion Blazor DropDown List component in your default web browser.
Blazor DropDownList Component

Binding data source

After initialization, populate the DropDownList with data using the DataSource property.

<SfDropDownList TValue="string" TItem="Games" Placeholder="Select a game" DataSource="@LocalData">
  <DropDownListFieldSettings Value="ID" Text="Text"></DropDownListFieldSettings>
</SfDropDownList>

@code {
  public class Games
  {
    public string ID { get; set; }
    public string Text { get; set; }
  }
  List<Games> LocalData = new List<Games> {
    new Games() { ID= "Game1", Text= "American Football" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game2", Text= "Badminton" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game3", Text= "Basketball" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game4", Text= "Cricket" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game5", Text= "Football" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game6", Text= "Golf" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game7", Text= "Hockey" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game8", Text= "Rugby"},
    new Games() { ID= "Game9", Text= "Snooker" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game10", Text= "Tennis"},
  };
}
Data Binding in Blazor DropDownList

Configure the popup list

By default, the width of the popup list automatically adjusts according to the DropDownList input element’s width, and the height of the popup list has 350px. The height and width of the popup list can also be customized using the PopupHeight and PopupWidth properties respectively.

<SfDropDownList TValue="string" TItem="Games" PopupHeight="350px" PopupWidth="350px" Placeholder="Select a game" DataSource="@LocalData">
  <DropDownListFieldSettings Value="ID" Text="Text"></DropDownListFieldSettings>
</SfDropDownList>

@code{
  public class Games
  {
    public string ID { get; set; }
    public string Text { get; set; }
  }
  List<Games> LocalData = new List<Games> {
    new Games() { ID= "Game1", Text= "American Football" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game2", Text= "Badminton" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game3", Text= "Basketball" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game4", Text= "Cricket" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game5", Text= "Football" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game6", Text= "Golf" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game7", Text= "Hockey" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game8", Text= "Rugby"},
    new Games() { ID= "Game9", Text= "Snooker" },
    new Games() { ID= "Game10", Text= "Tennis"},
  };
}
Changing Popup List Height in Blazor DropDownList

Get selected value

Get the selected value of the DropDownList component in the ValueChange event using ChangeEventArgs.Value property.

  • CSHTML
  • @using Syncfusion.Blazor.DropDowns
    
    <SfDropDownList TValue="string" TItem="Games" Placeholder="Select a game" DataSource="@LocalData">
      <DropDownListFieldSettings Value="Text" Text="Text"></DropDownListFieldSettings>
      <DropDownListEvents TValue="string" TItem="Games" ValueChange="OnValueChange"></DropDownListEvents>
    </SfDropDownList>
    
    @code {
        public class Games
        {  
            public string ID { get; set; }
            public string Text { get; set; }
        }
        List<Games> LocalData = new List<Games> {
        new Games() { ID= "Game1", Text= "American Football" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game2", Text= "Badminton" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game3", Text= "Basketball" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game4", Text= "Cricket" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game5", Text= "Football" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game6", Text= "Golf" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game7", Text= "Hockey" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game8", Text= "Rugby"},
        new Games() { ID= "Game9", Text= "Snooker" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game10", Text= "Tennis"},
      };
        public void OnValueChange(ChangeEventArgs<string, Games> args)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("The DropDownList Value is: ", args.Value);
        }
    }

    Get the complete object list of the selected value in the ValueChange event using the ChangeEventArgs.ItemData property.

  • CSHTML
  • @using Syncfusion.Blazor.DropDowns
    
    <SfDropDownList TValue="string" TItem="Games" Placeholder="Select a game" DataSource="@LocalData">
      <DropDownListFieldSettings Value="ID" Text="Text"></DropDownListFieldSettings>
      <DropDownListEvents TValue="string" TItem="Games" ValueChange="OnValueChange"></DropDownListEvents>
    </SfDropDownList>
    
    @code {
        public class Games
        {  
            public string ID { get; set; }
            public string Text { get; set; }
        }
        List<Games> LocalData = new List<Games> {
        new Games() { ID= "Game1", Text= "American Football" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game2", Text= "Badminton" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game3", Text= "Basketball" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game4", Text= "Cricket" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game5", Text= "Football" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game6", Text= "Golf" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game7", Text= "Hockey" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game8", Text= "Rugby"},
        new Games() { ID= "Game9", Text= "Snooker" },
        new Games() { ID= "Game10", Text= "Tennis"},
      };
        public void OnValueChange(ChangeEventArgs<string, Games> args)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("The complete data of the selected value is: ", args.ItemData);
        }
    }

    NOTE

    View Sample in GitHub.

    See also

    1. Getting Started with Syncfusion Blazor for client-side in .NET Core CLI
    2. Getting Started with Syncfusion Blazor for client-side in Visual Studio
    3. Getting Started with Syncfusion Blazor for server-side in .NET Core CLI