Calculated Field in Blazor Pivot Table Component

17 Dec 202220 minutes to read

Allows end user to create a new calculated field in the pivot table, based on the available fields from the bound data source or using simple formula with basic arithmetic operators. It can be added at runtime through the built-in dialog, invoked from Field List UI. To do so, set the AllowCalculatedField property in SfPivotView class to true in the pivot table. End user can now see a “CALCULATED FIELD” button enabled in Field List UI automatically, which on clicking will invoke the calculated field dialog and perform necessary operation.

Calculated field can also be included in the pivot table through code behind using the PivotViewCalculatedFieldsSettings class. The required properties to create a new calculate field are:

  • Name: It allows to indicate the calculated field with a unique name.
  • Formula: It allows to set the formula.
  • Format: It helps to set the number format for the resultant value.

NOTE

The calculated field is applicable only for value fields. Also, the calculated field created through the code behind will be automatically listed in the UI dialog as well.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.PivotView

<SfPivotView TValue="ProductDetails" ShowFieldList="true" AllowCalculatedField="true">
     <PivotViewDataSourceSettings DataSource="@data">
        <PivotViewColumns>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Year"></PivotViewColumn>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Quarter"></PivotViewColumn>
        </PivotViewColumns>
        <PivotViewRows>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Country"></PivotViewRow>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Products"></PivotViewRow>
        </PivotViewRows>
        <PivotViewValues>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Sold" Caption="Unit Sold"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Amount" Caption="Sold Amount"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Total" Caption="Total Amount" Type=SummaryTypes.CalculatedField></PivotViewValue>
        </PivotViewValues>
        <PivotViewFormatSettings>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Amount" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Total" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
        </PivotViewFormatSettings>
         <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
            <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting Name="Total" Formula="@totalPrice"></PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting>
        </PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
    </PivotViewDataSourceSettings>
</SfPivotView>

@code{
    public string totalPrice = "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + "+" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"";
    public List<ProductDetails> data { get; set; }
    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        this.data = ProductDetails.GetProductData().ToList();
        //Bind the data source collection here. Refer "Assigning sample data to the pivot table" section in getting started for more details.
    }
}

Calculated Field in Blazor PivotTable

Meanwhile, the user can also view calculated field dialog in UI by invoking CreateCalculatedFieldDialogAsync method on an external button click.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor.PivotView
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Buttons

<SfButton OnClick="@calc" IsPrimary="true">Calculated Field</SfButton>

<SfPivotView TValue="ProductDetails" @ref="pivot" AllowCalculatedField="true">
     <PivotViewDataSourceSettings DataSource="@data">
        <PivotViewColumns>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Year"></PivotViewColumn>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Quarter"></PivotViewColumn>
        </PivotViewColumns>
        <PivotViewRows>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Country"></PivotViewRow>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Products"></PivotViewRow>
        </PivotViewRows>
        <PivotViewValues>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Sold" Caption="Unit Sold"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Amount" Caption="Sold Amount"></PivotViewValue>
        </PivotViewValues>
        <PivotViewFormatSettings>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Amount" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Total" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
        </PivotViewFormatSettings>
    </PivotViewDataSourceSettings>
</SfPivotView>

@code{
    public SfPivotView<ProductDetails> pivot;
    public List<ProductDetails> data { get; set; }
    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        this.data = ProductDetails.GetProductData().ToList();
        //Bind the data source collection here. Refer "Assigning sample data to the pivot table" section in getting started for more details.
    }
    public void calc(Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.Web.MouseEventArgs args)
    {
        this.pivot.CreateCalculatedFieldDialogAsync();
    }
}

Displaying Calculated Field Button in Blazor PivotTable

Displaying Calculated Field Button in Blazor PivotTable

Editing through the field list and the grouping bar

User can also modify the existing calculated field using the built-in edit option available directly in the field list (or) grouping bar. To do so, click the “Edit” icon available in the calculated field button. Now the calculated field dialog is opened and the current calculated field name, formula and format can be changed at runtime.

Editing Calculated Field in Blazor PivotTable




Editing Calculated Field Formula in Blazor PivotTable

Renaming the existing calculated field

Existing calculated field can be renamed only through the UI at runtime. To do so, open the calculated field dialog, select the target field and click “Edit” icon. User can now see the existing name getting displayed in the text box at the top of the dialog. Now, change the name based on user requirement and click “OK”.

Editing in Blazor PivotTable Calculated Field




Renaming in Blazor PivotTable Calculated Field

Editing the existing calculated field formula

Existing calculated field formula can be edited only through the UI at runtime. To do so, open the calculated field dialog, select the target field and click “Edit” icon. User can now see the existing formula getting displayed in a multiline text box at the bottom of the dialog. Now, change the formula based on user requirement and click “OK”.

Editing in Blazor PivotTable Calculated Field




Editing in Blazor PivotTable Calculated Field Formula

Reusing the existing formula in a new calculate field

While creating a new calculated field, if the user wants to the add the formula of an existing calculated field, it can be done easily. To do so, simply drag-and-drop the existing calculated field to the “Formula” section.

Dragging Existing Calculated Field in Blazor PivotTable




Dragging Blazor PivotTable Field to Formula




Reusing Existing Calculated Field Formula in Blazor PivotTable

Apply the format to the calculated field values

Values in a new or existing calculated field can be formatted via the calculated field UI or code behind. The PivotViewFormatSettings property in code-behind can be used to specify the desired format. For more information about the supported formats refer here.

To apply format to calculated field values at runtime via UI, a built-in dropdown under the “Format” label is available, from which the user can select the pre-defined format options listed below.

  • Standard - Denotes the numeric type.
  • Currency - Denotes the currency type.
  • Percentage - Denotes the percentage type.
  • Custom - Denotes the custom format. For example: “C2”. This shows the value “9584.3” as “$9584.30.”
  • None - Denotes that no format will be applied.

NOTE

By default, None will be selected from the dropdown.

Applying Format to Blazor PivotTable Calculated Field

In addition, you can specify the desired custom formats by selecting the Custom option from the “Format” dropdown.

Applying custom format through Blazor PivotTable calculated field dialog UI

Supported operators and functions for the calculated field formula

Below is a list of operators and functions that can be used in the formula to create the calculated fields.

  • + – addition operator.
 Syntax: X + Y
  • - – subtraction operator.
Syntax: X - Y
  • * – multiplication operator.
Syntax: X * Y
  • / – division operator.
Syntax: X / Y
  • ^ – power operator.
Syntax: X^2
  • < - less than operator.
Syntax: X < Y
  • <= – less than or equal operator.
Syntax: X <= Y
  • > – greater than operator.
Syntax: X > Y
  • >= – greater than or equal operator.
Syntax: X >= Y
  • == – equal operator.
Syntax: X == Y
  • != – not equal operator.
Syntax: X != Y
  • | – OR operator.
Syntax: X | Y
  • & – AND operator.
Syntax: X & Y
  • ? – conditional operator.
Syntax: condition ? then : else
  • Min – function that returns the minimum value.
Syntax: Min(number1, number2)
  • Max – function that returns the maximum value.
Syntax: Max(number1, number2)
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.PivotView

<SfPivotView TValue="ProductDetails" ShowFieldList="true" AllowCalculatedField="true">
     <PivotViewDataSourceSettings DataSource="@data">
        <PivotViewColumns>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Year"></PivotViewColumn>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Quarter"></PivotViewColumn>
        </PivotViewColumns>
        <PivotViewRows>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Country"></PivotViewRow>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Products"></PivotViewRow>
        </PivotViewRows>
        <PivotViewValues>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Sold" Caption="Unit Sold"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Amount" Caption="Sold Amount"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Total" Caption="Total Amount"></PivotViewValue>
        </PivotViewValues>
        <PivotViewFormatSettings>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Amount" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Total" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
        </PivotViewFormatSettings>
         <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
            <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting Name="Total" Formula="@totalPrice"></PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting>
        </PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
    </PivotViewDataSourceSettings>
</SfPivotView>

@code{
    public string totalPrice = "\"" + "Round(" + "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + ") > Abs(" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ") ? Min(" + "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + "," + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ") : Sqrt(" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ")";
    public List<ProductDetails> data { get; set; }
    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        this.data = ProductDetails.GetProductData().ToList();
        //Bind the data source collection here. Refer "Assigning sample data to the pivot table" section in getting started for more details.
    }
}

Blazor PivotTable woth Conditional Calculate Field

Event

CalculatedFieldCreate

The event CalculatedFieldCreate fires while closing the dialog on “OK” button click. It allows to customize the new or existing calculated field information obtained from the dialog. It has the following parameters.

  • CalculatedField: It holds the new or existing calculated field information obtained from the dialog.

  • CalculatedFieldSettings: It holds the CalculatedFieldSettings property of the pivot report.

  • Cancel: It is a boolean property and by setting this to true , the customization done in calculated field dialog won’t be applied to the calculated field.

 @using Syncfusion.Blazor.PivotView

<SfPivotView TValue="ProductDetails" ShowFieldList="true" AllowCalculatedField="true">
     <PivotViewDataSourceSettings DataSource="@data">
        <PivotViewColumns>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Year"></PivotViewColumn>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Quarter"></PivotViewColumn>
        </PivotViewColumns>
        <PivotViewRows>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Country"></PivotViewRow>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Products"></PivotViewRow>
        </PivotViewRows>
        <PivotViewValues>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Sold" Caption="Unit Sold"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Amount" Caption="Sold Amount"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Total" Caption="Total Amount"></PivotViewValue>
        </PivotViewValues>
        <PivotViewFormatSettings>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Amount" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Total" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
        </PivotViewFormatSettings>
         <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
            <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting Name="Total" Formula="@totalPrice"></PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting>
        </PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
    </PivotViewDataSourceSettings>
    <PivotViewEvents TValue="ProductDetails" CalculatedFieldCreate="calculatedFieldCreate"></PivotViewEvents>
</SfPivotView>

@code{
    public string totalPrice = "\"" + "Round(" + "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + ") > Abs(" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ") ? Min(" + "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + "," + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ") : Sqrt(" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ")";
    public List<ProductDetails> data { get; set; }
    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        this.data = ProductDetails.GetProductData().ToList();
        //Bind the data source collection here. Refer "Assigning sample data to the pivot table" section in getting started for more details.
    }
    public void calculatedFieldCreate(CalculatedFieldCreateEventArgs args) {
        if(args.CalculatedField.FormatString == "") {
            args.Cancel = true;
        }
    }
}

OnActionBegin

The event OnActionBegin when clicking calculated field button, calculated field edit icon and context menu in the tree view inside the calculated field dialog. This allows user to identify the current action being performed at runtime. It has the following parameters:

  • DataSourceSettings: It holds the current data source settings such as input data source, rows, columns, values, filters, format settings and so on.

  • ActionName: It holds the name of the current action began. The following are the UI actions and their names:

Action Action Name
Calculated field button Open calculated field dialog
Edit icon in calculated field Edit calculated field
Context menu in the tree view inside the calculated field dialog Calculated field context menu
  • FieldInfo: It holds the selected value field information.

NOTE

This option is applicable only when the field based UI actions are performed such as filtering, sorting, removing field from grouping bar, editing and aggregation type change.

  • Cancel: It allows user to restrict the current action.

In the following example, the calculated field button click action, that is, opening of the calculated field dialog can be restricted by setting the args.Cancel option to true in the OnActionBegin event.

 @using Syncfusion.Blazor.PivotView

<SfPivotView TValue="ProductDetails" ShowFieldList="true" AllowCalculatedField="true">
     <PivotViewDataSourceSettings DataSource="@data">
        <PivotViewColumns>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Year"></PivotViewColumn>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Quarter"></PivotViewColumn>
        </PivotViewColumns>
        <PivotViewRows>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Country"></PivotViewRow>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Products"></PivotViewRow>
        </PivotViewRows>
        <PivotViewValues>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Sold" Caption="Unit Sold"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Amount" Caption="Sold Amount"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Total" Caption="Total Amount"></PivotViewValue>
        </PivotViewValues>
        <PivotViewFormatSettings>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Amount" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Total" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
        </PivotViewFormatSettings>
         <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
            <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting Name="Total" Formula="@totalPrice"></PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting>
        </PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
    </PivotViewDataSourceSettings>
    <PivotViewEvents TValue="ProductDetails" OnActionBegin="ActionBegin"></PivotViewEvents>
</SfPivotView>

@code{
    private string totalPrice = "\"" + "Round(" + "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + ") > Abs(" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ") ? Min(" + "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + "," + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ") : Sqrt(" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ")";
    private List<ProductDetails> data { get; set; }
    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        data = ProductDetails.GetProductData().ToList();
        //Bind the data source collection here. Refer "Assigning sample data to the pivot table" section in getting started for more details.
    }
    // Triggers when the UI action begins.
    public void ActionBegin(PivotActionBeginEventArgs args)
    {
        if(args.ActionName == "Open calculated field dialog")
        {
          args.Cancel = true;
        }       
    }
}

OnActionComplete

The event OnActionComplete triggers when the calculated field is completely created or edited. This allows user to identify the current UI action being completed at runtime. It has the following parameters:

  • DataSourceSettings: It holds the current data source settings such as input data source, rows, columns, values, filters, format settings and so on.

  • ActionName: It holds the name of the current action completed. The following are the UI actions and their names:

Action Action Name
Calculated field button Calculated field applied
Edit icon in calculated field Calculated field edited
  • FieldInfo: It holds the selected value field information.

NOTE

This option is applicable only when the field based UI actions are performed such as filtering, sorting, removing field from grouping bar, editing and aggregation type change.

  • ActionInfo: It holds the unique information about the current UI action. For example, if the edit action is completed, this event will be triggered, and the argument will display information such as the entire calculated field information and its formula, including the field name.
 @using Syncfusion.Blazor.PivotView

<SfPivotView TValue="ProductDetails" ShowFieldList="true" AllowCalculatedField="true">
     <PivotViewDataSourceSettings DataSource="@data">
        <PivotViewColumns>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Year"></PivotViewColumn>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Quarter"></PivotViewColumn>
        </PivotViewColumns>
        <PivotViewRows>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Country"></PivotViewRow>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Products"></PivotViewRow>
        </PivotViewRows>
        <PivotViewValues>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Sold" Caption="Unit Sold"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Amount" Caption="Sold Amount"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Total" Caption="Total Amount"></PivotViewValue>
        </PivotViewValues>
        <PivotViewFormatSettings>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Amount" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Total" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
        </PivotViewFormatSettings>
         <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
            <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting Name="Total" Formula="@totalPrice"></PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting>
        </PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
    </PivotViewDataSourceSettings>
    <PivotViewEvents TValue="ProductDetails" OnActionComplete="ActionComplete"></PivotViewEvents>
</SfPivotView>

@code{
    private string totalPrice = "\"" + "Round(" + "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + ") > Abs(" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ") ? Min(" + "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + "," + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ") : Sqrt(" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ")";
    private List<ProductDetails> data { get; set; }
    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        data = ProductDetails.GetProductData().ToList();
        //Bind the data source collection here. Refer "Assigning sample data to the pivot table" section in getting started for more details.
    }
    // Triggers when the UI action completed.
    public void ActionComplete(PivotActionCompleteEventArgs<ProductDetails> args)
    {
        if(args.ActionName == "Calculated field applied")
        {
          // Triggers when the calculated field is applied.
        }
    }
}

OnActionFailure

The event OnActionFailure triggers when the current UI action fails to achieve the desired result. It has the following parameters:

  • ActionName: It holds the name of the current action failed. The following are the UI actions and their names:
Action Action Name
Calculated field button Open calculated field dialog
Edit icon in calculated field Edit calculated field
Context menu in the tree view inside the calculated field dialog Calculated field context menu
  • ErrorInfo: It holds the error information of the current UI action.
 @using Syncfusion.Blazor.PivotView

<SfPivotView TValue="ProductDetails" ShowFieldList="true" AllowCalculatedField="true">
     <PivotViewDataSourceSettings DataSource="@data">
        <PivotViewColumns>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Year"></PivotViewColumn>
            <PivotViewColumn Name="Quarter"></PivotViewColumn>
        </PivotViewColumns>
        <PivotViewRows>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Country"></PivotViewRow>
            <PivotViewRow Name="Products"></PivotViewRow>
        </PivotViewRows>
        <PivotViewValues>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Sold" Caption="Unit Sold"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Amount" Caption="Sold Amount"></PivotViewValue>
            <PivotViewValue Name="Total" Caption="Total Amount"></PivotViewValue>
        </PivotViewValues>
        <PivotViewFormatSettings>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Amount" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
            <PivotViewFormatSetting Name="Total" Format="C"></PivotViewFormatSetting>
        </PivotViewFormatSettings>
         <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
            <PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting Name="Total" Formula="@totalPrice"></PivotViewCalculatedFieldSetting>
        </PivotViewCalculatedFieldSettings>
    </PivotViewDataSourceSettings>
    <PivotViewEvents TValue="ProductDetails" OnActionFailure="ActionFailure"></PivotViewEvents>
</SfPivotView>

@code{
    private string totalPrice = "\"" + "Round(" + "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + ") > Abs(" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ") ? Min(" + "\"" + "Sum(Amount)" + "\"" + "," + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ") : Sqrt(" + "\"" + "Sum(Sold)" + "\"" + ")";    private List<ProductDetails> data { get; set; }
    private List<ProductDetails> data { get; set; }
    private List<Syncfusion.Blazor.PivotView.ToolbarItems> toolbar = new List<Syncfusion.Blazor.PivotView.ToolbarItems> {
        ToolbarItems.New,
        ToolbarItems.Save,
        ToolbarItems.Grid,
        ToolbarItems.Chart,
        ToolbarItems.Export,
        ToolbarItems.SubTotal,
        ToolbarItems.GrandTotal,
        ToolbarItems.ConditionalFormatting,
        ToolbarItems.NumberFormatting,
        ToolbarItems.FieldList            
    };
    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        data = ProductDetails.GetProductData().ToList();
        //Bind the data source collection here. Refer "Assigning sample data to the pivot table" section in getting started for more details.
    }
    public void ActionFailure(PivotActionFailureEventArgs args)
    {
        if(args.ActionName == "Open calculated field dialog")
        {
          // Triggers when the current UI action fails to achieve the desired result.
        }       
    }
}

NOTE

You can refer to the Blazor Pivot Table feature tour page for its groundbreaking feature representations. You can also explore the Blazor Pivot Table example to know how to render and configure the pivot table.