Blazor DataGrid Component in WebAssembly App using CLI

9 Mar 202212 minutes to read

This article provides a step-by-step instructions for building Blazor WebAssembly App with Blazor DataGrid component using the .NET CLI.

Prerequisites

Latest version of the .NET Core SDK. If you previously installed the SDK, you can determine the installed version by executing the following command in a command prompt (Windows) or terminal (macOS) or command shell (Linux).

dotnet --version

Create a Blazor WebAssembly project using .NET CLI

Install the Blazor project templates by using below command line in the command prompt.

dotnet new -i Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.WebAssembly.Templates::3.2.0-rc1.20223.4

Run the dotnet new blazorwasm command to create a new Blazor WebAssembly application in a command prompt (Windows) or terminal (macOS) or command shell (Linux).

dotnet new blazorwasm -o BlazorApp
cd BlazorApp

For a hosted Blazor WebAssembly experience, add the hosted option (-ho or –hosted) to the command.

dotnet new blazorwasm -o BlazorApp -ho

If you have installed multiple SDK versions and need any specific framework version (net5.0/netcoreapp3.1) project, then add -f flag along with dotnet new blazorwasm comment. Refer here for the available options.

Install Syncfusion Blazor packages in the App

Install Syncfusion Blazor packages in the App.
Syncfusion Blazor components are available in nuget.org. To use Syncfusion Blazor components in the application, add reference to the corresponding NuGet. Refer to NuGet packages topic for available NuGet packages list with component details.

Add Syncfusion.Blazor.Grid NuGet package to the application using the following command in the command prompt (Windows) or terminal (Linux and macOS) to install a NuGet package. See Install and manage packages using the dotnet CLI topics for more details.

dotnet add package Syncfusion.Blazor.Grid --version 20.1.0.55
dotnet restore

Register Syncfusion Blazor Service

Open ~/_Imports.razor file and import the Syncfusion.Blazor namespace.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor

Now, Open ~/Program.cs file and register the Syncfusion Blazor Service in the client web app. Here, Syncfusion Blazor Service is registered by setting IgnoreScriptIsolation property as true to load the scripts externally in the next steps.

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.Web;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.WebAssembly.Hosting;
using Syncfusion.Blazor;

var builder = WebAssemblyHostBuilder.CreateDefault(args);
builder.RootComponents.Add<App>("#app");
builder.RootComponents.Add<HeadOutlet>("head::after");

builder.Services.AddScoped(sp => new HttpClient { BaseAddress = new Uri(builder.HostEnvironment.BaseAddress) });

builder.Services.AddSyncfusionBlazor(options => { options.IgnoreScriptIsolation = true; });
await builder.Build().RunAsync();
....
using Syncfusion.Blazor;

namespace BlazorApp
{
    public class Program
    {
        public static async Task Main(string[] args)
        {
            ....
            builder.Services.AddSyncfusionBlazor(options => { options.IgnoreScriptIsolation = true; });
            await builder.Build().RunAsync();
        }
    }
}

Add style sheet

Checkout the Blazor Themes topic to learn different ways (Static Web Assets, CDN and CRG) to refer themes in Blazor application, and to have the expected appearance for Syncfusion Blazor components. Here, the theme is referred using Static Web Assets.

To add theme to the app, Add Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes NuGet package to the application using the following command in the command prompt (Windows) or terminal (Linux and macOS) to install the NuGet package.

dotnet add package Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes --version 20.1.0.55
dotnet restore

Then the theme style from can be referred inside the <head> of the wwwroot/index.html file in client web app.

<head>
    ...
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
</head>

Add script reference

Checkout Adding Script Reference topic to learn different ways to add script reference in Blazor Application. In this getting started walk-through, the required scripts are referred using Static Web Assets externally inside the <head> of wwwroot/index.html file in client web app.

<head>
    ...
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="https://cdn.syncfusion.com/blazor/19.4.38/syncfusion-blazor.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
</head>

Syncfusion recommends to reference scripts using Static Web Assets, CDN and CRG by disabling JavaScript isolation for better loading performance of the Blazor application.

Add Blazor DataGrid component

  • Open ~/_Imports.razor file or any other page under the ~/Pages folder where the component is to be added and import the Syncfusion.Blazor.Grids namespace.
@using Syncfusion.Blazor
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Grids
  • Now, add the Syncfusion DataGrid component in razor file. Here, the DataGrid component is added in the ~/Pages/Index.razor file under the ~/Pages folder.
<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" />

@code{
    public List<Order> Orders { get; set; }

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        Orders = Enumerable.Range(1, 5).Select(x => new Order()
        {
            OrderID = 0 + x,
            CustomerID = (new string[] { "ALFKI", "ANANTR", "ANTON", "BLONP", "BOLID" })[new Random().Next(5)],
        }).ToList();
    }

    public class Order
    {
        public int? OrderID { get; set; }
        public string CustomerID { get; set; }

    }
}
  • In the command prompt (Windows) or terminal (Linux and macOS) to run the following command to build and start the app. The app listening on http://localhost:<port number> and view it in the browser.
dotnet run

Blazor DataGrid Component

You need to include a valid license key (either paid or trial key) within your applications. Please refer to this help topic for more information.

Defining row data

To bind data for the DataGrid component, you can assign a IEnumerable object to the dataSource property. The list data source can also be provided as an instance of the DataManager. You can assign the data source through the OnInitialized life cycle of the page.

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" />

@code{
    public List<Order> Orders { get; set; }

    protected override void OnInitialized()
    {
        Orders = Enumerable.Range(1, 75).Select(x => new Order()
        {
            OrderID = 1000 + x,
            CustomerID = (new string[] { "ALFKI", "ANANTR", "ANTON", "BLONP", "BOLID" })[new Random().Next(5)],
            Freight = 2.1 * x,
            OrderDate = DateTime.Now.AddDays(-x),
        }).ToList();
    }

    public class Order {
        public int? OrderID { get; set; }
        public string CustomerID { get; set; }
        public DateTime? OrderDate { get; set; }
        public double? Freight { get; set; }
    }
}

Defining columns

The columns are automatically generated when columns declaration is empty or undefined while initializing the datagrid.

The DataGrid has an option to define columns using GridColumns component. In GridColumn component we have properties to customize columns.

Let’s check the properties used here:

  • Field is added to map with a property name an array of JavaScript objects.
  • HeaderText is added to change the title of columns.
  • TextAlign is used to change the alignment of columns. By default, columns will be left aligned. To change columns to right align, define TextAlign as Right.
  • Also, we have used another useful property, Format. Using this, you can format number and date values to standard or custom formats.
<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders">
    <GridColumns>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="150"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" Format="d" Type="ColumnType.Date" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
        <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
    </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

Enable paging

The paging feature enables users to view the datagrid record in a paged view. It can be enabled by setting the AllowPaging property to true. Pager can be customized using the GridPageSettings component.

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" AllowPaging="true">
 <GridPageSettings PageSize="5"></GridPageSettings>
   <GridColumns>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="150"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" Format="d" Type="ColumnType.Date" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
   </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

Enable sorting

The sorting feature enables you to order the records. It can be enabled by setting the AllowSorting property as true. Sorting feature can be customized using the GridSortSettings component.

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" AllowPaging="true" AllowSorting="true">
 <GridPageSettings PageSize="5"></GridPageSettings>
   <GridColumns>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="150"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" Format="d" Type="ColumnType.Date" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
   </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

Enable filtering

The filtering feature enables you to view reduced amount of records based on filter criteria. It can be enabled by setting the AllowFiltering property as true. Filtering feature can be customized using the GridFilterSettings component.

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" AllowPaging="true" AllowSorting="true" AllowFiltering="true">
 <GridPageSettings PageSize="5"></GridPageSettings>
   <GridColumns>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="150"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" Format="d" Type="ColumnType.Date" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
   </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

Enable grouping

The grouping feature enables you to view the datagrid record in a grouped view. It can be enabled by setting the AllowGrouping property as true. Grouping feature can be customized using the GridGroupSettings component.

<SfGrid DataSource="@Orders" AllowPaging="true" AllowSorting="true" AllowFiltering="true" AllowGrouping="true">
 <GridPageSettings PageSize="5"></GridPageSettings>
   <GridColumns>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderID) HeaderText="Order ID" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.CustomerID) HeaderText="Customer Name" Width="150"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.OrderDate) HeaderText=" Order Date" Format="d" Type="ColumnType.Date" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="130"></GridColumn>
     <GridColumn Field=@nameof(Order.Freight) HeaderText="Freight" Format="C2" TextAlign="TextAlign.Right" Width="120"></GridColumn>
   </GridColumns>
</SfGrid>

Blazor DataGrid Component

See Also