Getting Started with Blazor Sparkline Component

7 Oct 202214 minutes to read

This section briefly explains about how to include Blazor Sparkline component in your Blazor Server App and Blazor WebAssembly App using Visual Studio.

Prerequisites

Create a new Blazor App in Visual Studio

You can create Blazor Server App or Blazor WebAssembly App using Visual Studio in one of the following ways,

Install Syncfusion Blazor Sparkline NuGet in the App

Syncfusion Blazor components are available in nuget.org. To use Syncfusion Blazor components in the application, add reference to the corresponding NuGet. Refer to NuGet packages topic for available NuGet packages list with component details and Benefits of using individual NuGet packages.

To add Blazor Sparkline component in the app, open the NuGet package manager in Visual Studio (Tools → NuGet Package Manager → Manage NuGet Packages for Solution), search for Syncfusion.Blazor.Sparkline and then install it.

Register Syncfusion Blazor Service

Open ~/_Imports.razor file and import the Syncfusion.Blazor namespace.

@using Syncfusion.Blazor

Now, register the Syncfusion Blazor Service in the Blazor Server App or Blazor WebAssembly App. Here, Syncfusion Blazor Service is registered by setting IgnoreScriptIsolation property as true to load the scripts externally in the next steps.

From 2022 Vol-1 (20.1) version, the default value of IgnoreScriptIsolation is changed to true. It is not necessary to set the IgnoreScriptIsolation property to refer scripts externally, since the default value has already been changed to true, and this property is obsolete.

Blazor Server App

  • For .NET 6 app, open the ~/Program.cs file and register the Syncfusion Blazor Service.

  • For .NET 5 and .NET 3.X app, open the ~/Startup.cs file and register the Syncfusion Blazor Service.

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.Web;
using Syncfusion.Blazor;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

// Add services to the container.
builder.Services.AddRazorPages();
builder.Services.AddServerSideBlazor();
builder.Services.AddSyncfusionBlazor();

var app = builder.Build();
....
using Syncfusion.Blazor;

namespace BlazorApplication
{
    public class Startup
    {
        ...
        public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
        {
            services.AddRazorPages();
            services.AddServerSideBlazor();
            services.AddSyncfusionBlazor();
        }
        ...
    }
}

Blazor WebAssembly App

Open ~/Program.cs file and register the Syncfusion Blazor Service in the client web app.

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.Web;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Components.WebAssembly.Hosting;
using Syncfusion.Blazor;

var builder = WebAssemblyHostBuilder.CreateDefault(args);
builder.RootComponents.Add<App>("#app");
builder.RootComponents.Add<HeadOutlet>("head::after");

builder.Services.AddScoped(sp => new HttpClient { BaseAddress = new Uri(builder.HostEnvironment.BaseAddress) });

builder.Services.AddSyncfusionBlazor();
await builder.Build().RunAsync();
....
using Syncfusion.Blazor;

namespace WebApplication1
{
    public class Program
    {
        public static async Task Main(string[] args)
        {
            ....
            builder.Services.AddSyncfusionBlazor();
            await builder.Build().RunAsync();
        }
    }
}

Add Style Sheet

Checkout the Blazor Themes topic to learn different ways (Static Web Assets, CDN and CRG) to refer themes in Blazor application, and to have the expected appearance for Syncfusion Blazor components. Here, the theme is referred using Static Web Assets. Refer to Enable static web assets usage topic to use static assets in your project.

To add theme to the app, open the NuGet package manager in Visual Studio (Tools → NuGet Package Manager → Manage NuGet Packages for Solution), search for Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes and then install it. Then, the theme style sheet from NuGet can be referred as follows,

If you are using Syncfusion.Blazor single NuGet, you don’t have to refer Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes NuGet. Since style sheets already inside the assets of Syncfusion.Blazor NuGet.

Blazor Server App

  • For .NET 6 app, add the Syncfusion bootstrap5 theme in the <head> of the ~/Pages/_Layout.cshtml file.

  • For .NET 5 and .NET 3.X app, add the Syncfusion bootstrap5 theme in the <head> of the ~/Pages/_Host.cshtml file.

<head>
    ...
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <!--Refer theme style sheet as below if you are using Syncfusion.Blazor Single NuGet-->
    <!--<link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />-->
</head>
<head>
    ...
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <!--Refer theme style sheet as below if you are using Syncfusion.Blazor Single NuGet-->
    <!--<link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />-->
</head>

Blazor WebAssembly App

For Blazor WebAssembly App, Refer the theme style sheet from NuGet in the <head> of wwwroot/index.html file in the client web app.

<head>
    ...
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <!--Refer theme style sheet as below if you are using Syncfusion.Blazor Single NuGet-->
    <!--<link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor/styles/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />-->
</head>

Add Script Reference

Checkout Adding Script Reference topic to learn different ways to add script reference in Blazor Application. In this getting started walk-through, the required scripts are referred using Static Web Assets externally inside the <head> as follows. Refer to Enable static web assets usage topic to use static assets in your project.

Blazor Server App

  • For .NET 6 app, Refer script in the <head> of the ~/Pages/_Layout.cshtml file.

  • For .NET 5 and .NET 3.X app, Refer script in the <head> of the ~/Pages/_Host.cshtml file.

<head>
    ....
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Core/scripts/syncfusion-blazor.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <!--Use below script reference if you are using Syncfusion.Blazor Single NuGet-->
    <!--<script  src="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor/scripts/syncfusion-blazor.min.js"  type="text/javascript"></script>-->
</head>
<head>
    ....
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Core/scripts/syncfusion-blazor.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <!--Use below script reference if you are using Syncfusion.Blazor Single NuGet-->
    <!--<script  src="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor/scripts/syncfusion-blazor.min.js"  type="text/javascript"></script>-->
</head>

Blazor WebAssembly App

For Blazor WebAssembly App, Refer script in the <head> of the ~/index.html file.

<head>
    ....
    <link href="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Themes/bootstrap5.css" rel="stylesheet" />
    <script src="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor.Core/scripts/syncfusion-blazor.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    <!--Use below script reference if you are using Syncfusion.Blazor Single NuGet-->
    <!--<script  src="_content/Syncfusion.Blazor/scripts/syncfusion-blazor.min.js"  type="text/javascript"></script>-->
</head>

Syncfusion recommends to reference scripts using Static Web Assets, CDN and CRG by disabling JavaScript isolation for better loading performance of the Blazor application.

Add Blazor Sparkline Component

  • Open ~/_Imports.razor file or any other page under the ~/Pages folder where the component is to be added and import the Syncfusion.Blazor.Charts namespace.
@using Syncfusion.Blazor
@using Syncfusion.Blazor.Charts
  • Now, add the Syncfusion Sparkline component in razor file. Here, the Sparkline component is added in the ~/Pages/Index.razor file under the ~/Pages folder.
<SfSparkline>

</SfSparkline>

Populate Sparkline with Data

To bind data for the Sparkline component, assign a IEnumerable object to the DataSource property. It can also be provided as an instance of the DataManager.

@code {
    public class WeatherReport
    {
        public string Month { get; set; }
        public double Celsius { get; set; }
    };
    public List<WeatherReport> ClimateData = new List<WeatherReport> {
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Jan", Celsius= 34 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Feb", Celsius= 36 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Mar", Celsius= 32 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Apr", Celsius= 35 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "May", Celsius= 40 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Jun", Celsius= 38 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Jul", Celsius= 33 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Aug", Celsius= 37 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Sep", Celsius= 34 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Oct", Celsius= 31 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Nov", Celsius= 30 },
        new  WeatherReport { Month= "Dec", Celsius= 29}
    };
}

Now map the Month and the Celsius fields from the datasource to XName and YName properties for x-axis and y-axis in the Sparkline and then set the ClimateData to DataSource property. Because the Month field is a value-based category, the ValueType property is used to specify it.

<SfSparkline XName="Month"
             YName="Celsius"
             ValueType="SparklineValueType.Category"
             TValue="WeatherReport"
             DataSource="ClimateData"
             Height="80px"
             Width="150px">
</SfSparkline>

Press Ctrl+F5 (Windows) or +F5 (macOS) to run the application. Then, the Syncfusion Blazor Sparkline component will be rendered in the default web browser.

Blazor Sparkline Chart

Sparkline chart types

Change the Sparkline type using the Type property set to Line, Column, WinLoss, Pie or Area. Here, the Sparkline type is set to Area.

<SfSparkline XName="Month"
             YName="Celsius"
             ValueType="SparklineValueType.Category"
             Type="SparklineType.Area"
             TValue="WeatherReport"
             DataSource="ClimateData"
             Height="80px"
             Width="150px">
</SfSparkline>

Blazor Sparkline Area Chart

Refer to code block to know about the property value of ClimateData.

Adding Data Label

Add the Data Labels to improve the readability of the Sparkline component. This can be achieved by setting the Visible property to true in the SparklineDataLabelSettings.

Available types are:

  • Start
  • End
  • All
  • High
  • Low
  • Negative
<SfSparkline DataSource="ClimateData"
              TValue="WeatherReport"
              XName="Month"
              YName="Celsius"
              ValueType="SparklineValueType.Category"
              Height="80px"
              Width="150px">
    <SparklineDataLabelSettings Visible="new List<VisibleType> { VisibleType.Start, VisibleType.End }"></SparklineDataLabelSettings>
    <SparklinePadding Left="10" Right="10"></SparklinePadding>
</SfSparkline>

Refer to the code block to know about the property value of ClimateData.

Blazor Sparkline Chart with Data Label

Enable tooltip

When space constraints prevent from displaying information using Data Labels, the tooltip comes in handy. The tooltip can be enabled by setting the Visible property to true in the SparklineTooltipSettings.

<SfSparkline DataSource="ClimateData"
             TValue="WeatherReport"
             XName="Month"
             YName="Celsius"
             ValueType="SparklineValueType.Category"
             Height="80px"
             Width="150px">
    <SparklineDataLabelSettings Visible="new List<VisibleType> { VisibleType.Start, VisibleType.End }"></SparklineDataLabelSettings>
    <SparklinePadding Left="10" Right="10"></SparklinePadding>
    <SparklineTooltipSettings TValue="WeatherReport" Visible="true"></SparklineTooltipSettings>
</SfSparkline>

Refer to the code block to know about the property value of the ClimateData.

Blazor Sparkline Chart with Tooltip

View Sample in GitHub.

See also

NOTE

You can also explore our Blazor Sparkline Chart example that shows you how to render and configure the sparkline chart.